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The Climate in Canada
 

Canada is often associated with cold weather and snow, but in reality, its climate is as diverse as its landscape. Generally, Canadians enjoy four very distinct seasons, particularly in the more populated regions along the US border. Daytime summer temperatures can rise to 35C and higher, while lows of -25C are not uncommon in winter. More moderate temperatures are the norm in spring and fall.

Summers can be hot and dry on the prairies, humid in central Canada, and milder on the coasts. Spring is generally pleasant across the country. Autumns are often crisp and cool, but brightened by rich orange and red leaves on trees.

Winters are generally cold with periods of snow, although southern Alberta enjoys the occasional "Chinook", a warm dry wind from the Rocky Mountains that gusts through and melts the snow. Winters are mild and wet on the west coast, in cities such as Vancouver and Victoria.

When the temperature does drop, Canadians stay warm thanks to an infrastructure of heated houses, cars and public transportation systems. Some cities have also installed walkways to and from buildings in schools.

   Average Daily Temperature (Celcius)

City

J F M A M J J A S O N D

Vancouver

3.0 4.7 6.3 8.8 12.1 15.2 17.2 17.4 14.3 10.0 6.0 3.5

Calgary

-9.6 -6.3 -2.5 4.1 9.7 14.0 16.4 15.7 10.6 5.7 -3.0 -8.3

Edmonton

-14.2 -10.8 -5.4 3.7 10.3 14.2 16.0 15.0 9.9 4.6 -5.7 -12.2

Saskatoon

-17.5 -13.9 -7.0 3.9 11.5 16.2 18.6 17.4 11.2 4.8 -6.0 -14.7

Regina

-16.5 -12.9 -6.0 4.1 11.4 16.4 19.1 18.1 11.6 5.1 -5.1 -13.6

Winnipeg

-18.3 -15.1 -7.0 3.8 11.6 16.9 19.8 18.3 12.4 5.7 -4.7 -14.6

Toronto

-4.5 -3.8 1.0 7.5 13.8 18.9 22.1 21.1 16.9 10.7 4.9 -1.5

Ottawa

-10.7 -9.2 -2.6 5.9 13.0 18.1 20.8 19.4 14.7 8.3 1.5 -7.2

Qubec City

-12.4 -11.0 -4.6 3.3 10.8 16.3 19.1 17.6 12.5 6.5 -0.5 -9.1

Halifax

-5.8 -6.0 -1.7 3.6 9.4 14.7 18.3 18.1 13.8 8.5 3.2 -3.0

Charlottetown

-7.2 -7.5 -3.0 2.7 9.2 14.8 18.8 18.4 14.0 8.6 3.1 -3.6

St. John's

-4.0 -4.6 -2.0 1.8 6.4 11.3 15.8 15.6 11.8 7.3 3.3 -1.4

Fredericton

-9.6 -8.5 -2.5 4.0 10.8 16.2 19.3 18.3 13.0 7.3 1.2 -6.6
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